Nepal

In the pages of world history, Nepal is known to be the Himalayan Kingdom, with a huge diversity of ethnic groups from the subtropical lowland of Terai Plateau up to the highest mountains in the world including Mt. Everest, Makalu, and Annapurna . Imagine an incredible ascent from below the Terai Plateau to the top of the world, Mt. Everest! After tourism began in Nepal in 1951, Everest was conquered by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953.

Besides the breathtaking natural scenery, Nepal offers its visitors an abundance of flora and fauna, which are best observed by visiting one of the many national parks or conservation areas. Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai region is one of the best protected areas in Nepal and provides habitat for such creatures as the one-horned rhinoceros, royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, and gaur, as well as several hundred species of birds. Fish-eating crocodiles, wild boar, musk deer, and mountain goats can be found throughout the region. Flowering plants such as rhododendrons, magnolias, orchids, poinsettias, camellias, cobra flowers, and jasmine bloom in the hilly regions in Spring.

A trip to Nepal will be one of the great memories of your life. From the legendary hospitality of its people, to the lonely walks along the ancient trails amongst the chirping birds and majestic peaks, to rafting or kayaking on world class whitewater, Nepal has something for everybody. It is a Himalayan paradise that creates the poetic views for the poets.

Highest Mountain In World

1. Mt. Everest (Nepal) 8,848 (M) 29,028 (Ft)

2. Mt. K2 (Godwin Austen) (Pakistan) 8,611 (M) 28,250 (Ft)

3. Kangchenjunga (Nepal) 8,586 (M) 28,169 (Ft)

4. Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 (M) 27,940 (Ft)

5. Makalu (Nepal) 8,463 (M) 27,766 (Ft)

6. Cho Oyu (Nepal) 8,201 (M) 26,906 (Ft)

7. Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 (M) 26,795 (FT)

8. Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 (M) 26,781 (Ft)

9. Annapuran (Nepal) 8,091 (M) 26,545 (Ft)

10. Shisha Pangma (Tibet, China) 8,013 (M) 26,289 (Ft)

People of Nepal

Since a decade when people know each other from one country to another. The dealing in trade began between them Nepal has different casts people since their origin relying upon their own styled custom and traditions, like in Terai region Tharus live doing farming. Similarly in the middle hills the Rais, Limbu, gurungs, tamangs, magars, chettris, Bahuns (Brahims) kami, sarki, damai, sunuwar and the mountain regions sherpas.

All these people have own kind of occupations, Rais have farm for farming, they are shamans also Limbus are the same they do pig farming. Gurungs also have cultivation and many of them are in Indian and British Gurkha army. Tamangs are mostly in Kavre and Dolakha districts, they also have cultivation and are monks, Muns, thanka painters and the rest are involved in trekking occupation. Magars have farm too, they plough at he field and the rest are in British and Nepali army, chettris and Bahuns are in thigh posts of Govt. offices, they are involved in the Nepali army also, Bahuns (Brahmins) are the priests in the temples too, they are well educated, become lecturers and teachers. Many and more Bahuns use to involve into polities. Sherpas live in high altitude as they bron there and are habituate to acclimatize altitude, they are good climbers, speak their own languages, sheraps follow Buddhism ans sell as Tamangs. The rest of them follow Hinduism. In recent days more Hindus are diverted into Christianity. Kamis are goldsmith and Sarkis are the shoe-makers. Damis are the tailor-masters, they sew on the clothes those everybody wears on.

Newars:
Newars are from Kathmandu valley their origin can be recognized. They are the main merchant of this valley but have different occupation relying on tribes. Shrestha the highest, silpakar are the tailor-master, malekar and chitrakar are carpenters and artists, Jyapus are the main farmers, podes are the Butchers and Kasai sells the meat, chyame works for sweeping and cleaning, kusule are the beggars playing a small leather hand-drum (damaru). Except all Thakuris and Mallas were the rulers and invaders once in Nepal.

The middle hill Tamangs:
Among Nepalese trek areas Tamangs are mostly found in middle hills. The speak Tibeto-Burman language among themselves and believe they originally came from Tibet. They practice a farm of Tibetan Buddhism and there are Buddhist temples in many Tamang villages, tough they have no monks nuns or monasteries. Tamang priests are usually married and participate in regular tayto-day activities. Most Tamangs are farmers and live at slightly higher elevations than their Hindu neighbors, but there’s a in their noses and the men traditionally wear a bakkhu, a sleeveless woolen jacket. The rough block and white blankets, called rari (woolen carpet), that you see in homer in the hills and in snaps in kathmandu are Tamangs life-styles.

Tibetans are settled down mostly at Boudhanath and Jawlakhel in Kathmandu and in the Himalayan border regions, they are often said Bhotiya, their group includes both recent migrants and Tibetans who settled here long age. The sherpas, Dolpo people and other groups were originally from Tibet, but settled in Nepal so long ago that they have built up their own traditions and culture.

Thakalis people originally have come from the kali Gandaki (Thak Khola) valley, but mainly they have followed the business wherever the chanees are leading. They are traditionally well known business people and hoteliers. Their religion is a mixture of Buddhism, Hinduism and ancient shamanistic and animistic cults, but they claims to be more Hindu than Buddhist. They are related to Tamags gurungs and magars.

Manangis:
From the side of Thorongla pass the river Marsyangdi derives where Manag village is situated beside and the people who lived there are called Managis to the north region of Annapurna, they have homes, as they had got the special privileges in business by king Rana Bdr. Shah in 1784 which continue to enjoy. These privileges originally included passport of import and export concessions, not available both general population of Nepal. Beginning long ago with the export of live dogs, goat and sheepskins, yaks tails, herbs and muscle. The trade expanded into the large-scale import of electronic goods, cameras, watches, silk-clothing, gems and other high-value items in exchange for gold, silver, turquoise and other resources available in their place.

The trade network of them extends through out south-east Asia and as far away as Korea it is not common to see large group of Manag people flying to Bangkok, Singapore and Hong-kong, between themselves they use to call negeshang, but many of them adopt the surname Gurung on passports and travel documents even tough they appear more close related to Tibetans than down villager gurungs, as they purely worship keeping Tibetan monks in their ceremoniya and ritual customs.

Dhanwar, majhi and Darai:
The most poorest and least educated group of these three triber live along the Teraiss river valley in Nepalis ethnic groups. Their customs and traditions are similar, related to each other. Maghis live by fishing and operate dugout canoe ferries in the rivers wherever in the country.

There are other groups like satar, Dhangar, Rajbangsi, koche and Tajpuri are other terai groups, rare of them occasionally can meet during the trek.

Dolpo people are lived in Dolpo region, they are Buddhist, in the remoter region to the north of Dhaulagiri, the most undeveloped are but traditional inhabitants in the kingdom. Exchanging sheeps, weaving and spinning wool are their main business, especially in Do-tarap and Ringmo villages they are settled down.

Magars also are in both army, British and Indian in more percent, very few of them live at home doing farming. Chettris usually are involved in army and mostly engaged in Govt. officer, they are well educated as Bahuns.

The most super Bahuns (Brahmins) are the priest in Hindu culture, they also are engaged in the govt. offices and teachers more percept of them are involved in politics. Kamis are working as goldsmith but kamis are depressed by the society as they are regarded as down cast. Sarkis work specially for show makers. Mostly they live uneducated and Damis are the tailor master since Nepalese know each other.

Newars are from Kathmandu valley their origin can be recognized, their main occupation is trade, less percent of them are in govt. officer and teachers, involved in artistic also. Jayapur are main farmers and Pode cut the Buffalses as Butchers, similarly Kasai sell the meat. Chyame are sweepers and Kusule are the beggars without speaking.

Sunwar:
A similar to Rai eastes people seem is eastern part of Nepal one of the dominant groups particularly in the villages of Ramechap, caharikot, okhaldhunga. We find the women wear the gold ornaments in their noses and ears and the men often join the Nepal army. They live in the white-washed stone housed with block windows farmer. They worship their own gods and often employ Brahman priests. From Jiri to Everest trek you’ll enter into their homes somewhere on the way.

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